The session attracted a large number of people to the project dissemination room, which acknowledges the important role the Amsterdam Group plays in C-ITS deployment.
Amsterdam Group chairman Torsten Geiβler moderated the session and introduced the Amsterdam Group. He highlighted the interaction between the Amsterdam Group and corridor deployments, with the road map as a guiding star. The road map comprises a number of open issues, amongst others security, consistency of legal framework and hybrid communication concept. The Amsterdam Group contributes to solve the open issues via its members.
Claire Depre (European Commission-DG MOVE) followed with the EC view on C-ITS deployment, stressing the need for coordination to ensure interoperability and coherent deployment. There is a tight time window for European players to remain competitive because other regions of the world are moving fast. Key items are Cross testing and Common evaluation methodologies. The EC C-ITS platform has an important role in the harmonized deployment.
Then the various corridor projects presented themselves:
- Marko Jandrisits (ASFINAG) described the status of the C-ITS corridor from Rotterdam through Frankfurt to Vienna. The corridor is providing a basis for standardized, international, future-oriented cooperative ITS services. The focus is on Road Works Warning at the moment. Regularly, workshops are being organized to share ideas with the market.
- Eric Ollinger (French Ministry - MEDDE) explained that Roll-out is underway in France through the SCOOP@F project. A first wave is taking place in 2014-2017 (ITS G5 communication only) with a second wave running 2016-2018 (hybrid: cellular+ITS G5). Road operators, local authorities and car manufacturers are involved, and there are five pilot sites. Linking to other corridors is one of the goals.
- Risto Kulmala (Finnish Transport Agency) presented the Cellular C-ITS pilot NordicWay of the four Nordiccountries. Cellular is chosen over ITS G5 because of the existing infrastructure, and the long road network with low traffic volumes. Deployment should be ready in 2018 including services like hazardous location warning and in-vehicle signage.
- Graham Hanson (UK Department for Transport) highlighted that connected corridors are a cornerstone of the UK road strategy. Feasibility studies are being conducted to support implementation on the A102, A2 and M2 between London and Dover, with first deployment planned in 2017 and interoperability with other European corridors as goal.
- Martin Pichl (Czech Republic Ministry of Transport) presented the various projects in his country: BaSIC and Motorway D5 for motorways and REGIOCROSS for interurban railway crossing. Services include Traffic Jam Ahead Warning and Stationary vehicle information. Linking to the C-ITS corridor Rotterdam-Frankfurt-Vienna is a goal for the future.
Finally, Niels Peter Skov Andersen (General Manager of the Car 2 Car Communication Consortium) explained the C-ITS deployment challenges from the point of view of the car manufacturers. ITS G5 is the chosen communication technology and a list of day one services is agreed. The technology is ready for deployment of the first applications, but issues regarding the regulatory framework needs resolving. Key areas are Compliance Assessment, Security and Privacy. Problems around coexistence of C-ITS (5.9 GHz band) and tolling (5.8 GHz band) in Europe have now been resolved, proving that bringing the relevant actors to the table to discuss and identify the necessary actions is why we need the Amsterdam Group.
The discussion with the audience, led by Torsten Geiβler, included the following questions and answers:
- Are road categories relevant for the corridors? Yes, two way roads without barrier and mountain areas are special cases. Also a good continuous link between highways and local roads is important.
- Who bears the costs of the corridors? This will be shared between public and private actors. This is not much different from current traffic management practice, C-ITS is just another way of end user service delivery. It is not possible to pay for it purely from societal benefits.
- Will deployment be different in Asia, the US and Europe? Frequencies in use are the same in Europe and the Americas, while Asia has different frequencies. By implementing other software, the same hardware can still be used.
- What do we know about user acceptance? This is typically part of the evaluation of projects. We cannot be entirely sure upfront, but the studies carried out in the Field Operational Tests (e.g. simTD, DRIVE C2X, FOTsis) provide a good basis for the statement that users appreciate the applications. Besides user acceptance user awareness is the more fundamental issue.
- Is EC regulation being planned to tackle the open issues? Listing the issues is a challenge and achievement in itself, we will work together from there on.
- How can we start with ITS in a country? The answer is the catchphrase: ‘cooperative ITS needs cooperative minds’. Remove barriers between topics in your organizations. Build good consortia including both authorities and industry. Do not overestimate the maturity of standards. And organize/join a forum to discuss ITS with the relevant stakeholders
Torsten Geiβler concluded the session, thanked the audience and all speakers.
You can download the presentations here.