The H2020 Coordination and Support Action CODECS has taken up its operation in May 2015. As the name COoperative ITS DEployment Coordination Support indicates, the project sustains the initial deployment of vehicle-to-x communication services in Europe. The COCECS project is supporting the Amsterdam Group, the C-ITS Deployment Platform of the European Commission, Standards Setting Organisations and other key deployment players in coming to a concerted C-ITS deployment approach.
For conducting deployment coordination support, CODECS has set-up several fundamental work packages, of which the fourth is the “Strategy Coordination Support” work package. The present report, deliverable 4.1 contains the results and findings of the state-of-the-art strategy inventory, the first activity of the Work Package 4.
Starting point for this research on strategic issues for C-ITS deployment are the country reports submitted to the European Commission (EC) within the framework of the ITS Directive 2010-40. Following this directive, countries are requested to submit reports on the status and plans with respect to ITS. In this inventory, in total 61 reports have been reviewed, including initial ITS reports, national five year ITS plan reports, progress reports and other reports discussing C-ITS. The main focus of the report will be on cooperative ITS related to road transport. This includes both private and public transport vehicles, but excludes all public transport systems that do not use road infrastructure. Furthermore, E-call and tolling systems are not in the scope of this report as such systems already have a clear place in the roadmap set up by the European Commission.
The reports have been analysed using an evaluation template, which is filled in for every report that was reviewed within this study. The template consists of three sections: Firstly, the full title of the document and the area to which it applies. In addition, the strategies that the document discusses on cooperative systems and the general policy areas it contributes to. Secondly, the objectives and measures on the subject of C-ITS that are identified throughout the documents are described, as well as the issues that are brought forward in the reports. Thirdly, the template distinguishes six transition paths or routes, which are used to see the progress or stance in the different reports on the deployment of cooperative services from different perspectives.
Throughout the different reports analysed from 2011 to 2014, there is a clear trend towards more interest in the actual deployment of cooperative systems. While in 2011 the focus was on research and testing, in 2014 more and more countries are drawing up national strategies that involve C-ITS, and are implementing or planning pilots and/or projects that involve the deployment of cooperative systems.
There are several front runners in this development, namely the Netherlands, Germany and Austria who have taken it upon themselves to strive for EU-wide deployment of cooperative systems through implementing several projects where deployment of cooperative systems is the focus, such as the C-ITS corridor Austria-Germany-The Netherlands.
In terms of policy areas, the front-runners focus on several areas such as traffic safety, traffic efficiency and sustainability. Countries that are less focused on cooperative systems see them mainly as a mean to improve traffic safety.
In the reports from 2011, strategies on cooperative ITS are limited to research, while frontrunners are planning or have implemented testing facilities. From 2012 and especially in 2014, the strategies show a clear trend towards interest in the actual deployment of C-ITS, with more countries testing several C-ITS services and applications. The frontrunners occupy themselves with setting up roadmaps for the deployment of C-ITS, and testing deployment by updating roadside systems to make sure they can support cooperative systems. This change is also evident in the objectives that have been identified throughout the documents.
In the next step, the progress on the topic of cooperative ITS has been analysed using the six transition paths. Again, a clear trend towards more interest in C-ITS was identified, although the transitions towards for example more individual services remained unclear. Roadside systems are changing as frontrunners are updating these systems to be able to test cooperative systems, and private parties are more and more involved in the testing, innovation and deployment of cooperative services. The scale of traffic information and management has clearly shifted towards a nationally focused approach, with more and more countries aiming to set up a framework for C-ITS and/ or a national architectures for traffic management. More openness of data is a trend that is becoming more apparent from 2014 onwards, however this transition is not yet mature. With regards to the role of public and private parties, frontrunners are showing that a cooperation between both types of parties is necessary to successfully deploy cooperative ITS. This development is also apparent in the strategic issues that have been identified.
Many strategic issues have been identified throughout the documents that have been analysed. A strong focus lies on organisational issues, where the topic of cooperation and coordination is the most important among all countries. Next to organisational issues, (technical) standardisation is called for by many countries, and interoperability is also seen as a major concern. Other issues include security and privacy aspects of cooperative ITS deployment, and concerns with regards to the business case and the roadmap.
In comparison with the strategic issues identified by the Amsterdam Group (AG), the issues brought forward through the ITS reports have a clear focus on organisational issues, while the issues identified by the AG are more focused on the technical aspects of deployment. This can be explained by the fact that the Amsterdam Group is a major frontrunner, and is thus more focussed on the actual deployment and the practical issues that come with this goal, while most countries are still focused on bringing together public and private parties before they can start thinking about deployment activities.
Since the CODECS project will support both the Amsterdam Group and the C-ITS Deployment Platform of the European Commission in coming to a concerted C-ITS deployment approach, the strategic issues identified in this report have been mapped with the strategic issues of the Amsterdam Group as well as with the Working Groups (WGs) of the EU C-ITS Deployment Platform.
The mapping exercise shows that 17 strategic issues have been identified through the review of the reports that are not (yet) covered by the Amsterdam Group. Only two strategic issues have been identified that don’t seem to be covered by the WGs of the C-ITS Deployment Platform. With respect to the latter it should be noted that the strategic issues have been mapped with the possible inclusion of the topic in the WGs. Since the final reports of the WG’s are not available yet, it is not clear at this stage whether and how these strategic issues are indeed dealt within them.
The present report does not in any way pretend to be an exhaustive overview of all possible strategic issues with concern to C-ITS implementation. More issues will be found and addressed by CODECS-activities in supporting the Amsterdam Group and the C-ITS Deployment Platform.
Download full report (Deliverable 4.1)